Cancer of the Mouth and Throat

Mouth and throat cancers most commonly affect patients over the age of 40 who smoke or chew tobacco. Excessive alcohol consumption, a family history of head and neck cancer, and exposure to the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) are other common risk factors. Symptoms of oral and throat cancers can vary depending on the type and location of the cancer, but may include white patches in the mouth, a sore on the lips, bleeding, loose teeth, difficulty swallowing, earache and more. The doctor determines the stage of the cancer through a series of diagnostic exams before determining the best treatment plan. Customized treatment plans may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or a combination of these approaches.

Cancer of the Mouth and Throat Treatment

Radiation/Chemotherapy

Two of the key weapons in the fight against cancer, chemotherapy and radiation both set out to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses drugs that target rapidly dividing cells, a key feature of cancerous tissue. In addition to cancer cells, there are fast-dividing normal cells in the body, such as in hair follicles and the digestive system. The active chemotherapy medicines – called cytotoxic, anti-neoplastic drugs – can’t distinguish between rapidly dividing cells, resulting in many of the side effects that are common to treatment. Radiation treatment, also known as radiotherapy, kills cancer cells by damaging the DNA of the tumor tissue. Radiation passes through the body to be absorbed by a tumor, causing the damage that kills the cancer cells. Different types of radiotherapy match the different types of tumors, so there are options for treatment that minimize damage to healthy tissue through precise targeting. This limits side effects to the treatment locations, though radiotherapy also causes fatigue as an overall effect.

Excision of Cancer

Surgical approaches to cancers of the mouth and throat depend greatly on the location, stage, and size of tumors. Reconstructive surgery options typically follow the more aggressive surgeries. A normal tumor resection aims to remove all cancerous tissue, as well as normal tissue surrounding the tumor, to evaluate the extent of cancer cell advance. Some cancers of the lip may be treated with Mohs surgery, where thin slices of tissue are removed and evaluated under microscope during the procedure. Additional slices are taken until no cancer is found. Glossectomy removes some or all of the tongue, while a mandibulectomy addresses the jawbone. A maxillectomy addresses cancer of the hard palate forming the roof of the mouth, and a laryngectomy removes the larynx.  

 

Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy

Otolaryngology located in Los Angeles, CA & Glendale, CA

The Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy boasts a team of dedicated healthcare professionals that is second to none, where physicians and support staff work tirelessly to provide patients with the highest possible level of care. Dr. Geoffrey B. Trenkle is a Southern California native who began his medical training at Western University of Health Sciences before heading to Michigan State University to further hone his area of specialty. He has traveled the country to train in a number of Otolaryngology specialties, before bringing those skills and expertise back to build his practice here in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Ahmed Maki embarked upon his medical career at Missouri's A. T. Still University of Health Sciences. After graduating at the top of his class, he sought additional training at Michigan State University and became a Board Certified surgeon specializing in procedures involving the head and neck. Together, Dr. Trenkle and Dr. Maki have built a thriving medical practice aimed at providing patients with a full range of services. 

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The Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy boasts a team of dedicated healthcare professionals that is second to none, where physicians and support staff work tirelessly to provide patients with the highest possible level of care. Dr. Geoffrey B. Trenkle is a Southern California native who began his medical training at Western University of Health Sciences before heading to Michigan State University to further hone his area of specialty. He has traveled the country to train in a number of Otolaryngology specialties, before bringing those skills and expertise back to build his practice here in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Ahmed Maki embarked upon his medical career at Missouri's A. T. Still University of Health Sciences. After graduating at the top of his class, he sought additional training at Michigan State University and became a Board Certified surgeon specializing in procedures involving the head and neck. Together, Dr. Trenkle and Dr. Maki have built a thriving medical practice aimed at providing patients with a full range of services. 


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We participate with most local and many national insurance plans. However, it is your responsibility to understand whether your insurance has limits on the doctors you can see or the services you can receive. Please contact our billing office or call your insurance carrier should you have questions.

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Our Team

We are here to help

  • Lauren  Trenkle
    Lauren Trenkle
    Office Manager
  • Brian  De La Rosa
    Brian De La Rosa
    Chief Operating Officer
  • Paul  Manciallas
    Paul Manciallas
    Head Medical Assistant
  • Melly  Arevalo
    Melly Arevalo
    Head Allergy Medical Assistant
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Testimonials

Words from our patients

  • Yelp

    "Dr. Trenkle is a BLESSING! I have had horrible sinus issues for the past 6 years, constant sinus infections that have kept my life very limited. Im so thankful."

    Joshua F.
  • Yelp

    "If anyone is in need of an ENT physician who truly cares about every patient and their experience at the doctor I give my highest rating to Dr. Trenkle."

    Ivan R.
  • Yelp

    "Geoffrey B. Trenkle is amazing! He's so friendly and patient. He takes his time to get to know you. I really recommend him! He is so worth your time :)"

    Viona J.
  • "I had a great experience. Everyone was very nice and the doctor was clear, friendly, and addressed all of my questions and concerns."

    Erika T.
  • "Loving, caring,and compassionate staff. Everyone made me feel very safe and comfortable right before during and after surgery."

    Tina R.
  • "This office is just amazing ! Customer service is awesome all the nurses and staff. And of course the doctors."

    Diana A.
  • "I really appreciate the staff because they took very good care of my daughter during her tonsil surgery. I am very happy with the way everything was taken care of."

    Alicia R.
  • "The help I got from the doctor was Amazing!! He really took his time and was an absolutely excellent experience!"

    Inas S.
  • "One of the best experiences I have had in the medical industry. The staff answered all my questions, the office is clean, everyone is very friendly and professional."

    Nicolas A.