Cancer of the Larynx

The larynx, also known as the voice box, is located in the front of the neck and controls the opening and closing of the windpipe. Patients with laryngeal cancer may experience hoarseness, a lump in the neck, a cough, difficulty breathing, earache, difficulty swallowing and weight loss, among other symptoms. Common risk factors for laryngeal cancer include:

  • Patients over the age of 55
  • Male
  • African American
  • Smokers
  • Consumer excessive amounts of alcohol
  • Have a family history of head or neck cancer
  • Have been exposed to HPV

Surgical treatment for laryngeal cancer is complicated and often life changing. In some cases removal of part or all of the larynx through an open procedure such as a partial or total laryngectomy is performed. If the cancer has spread from the larynx, the lymph nodes or other nearby structures may be removed as well. Radiation and chemotherapy are also commonly performed to treat laryngeal tumors, and may be used alone or in combination with surgery. A personalized, multidisciplinary treatment will be developed based on a thorough evaluation of each patient’s individual condition.

Cancer of the Larynx Treatments

Radiation/Chemotherapy

Two of the key weapons in the fight against cancer, chemotherapy and radiation both set out to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses drugs that target rapidly dividing cells, a key feature of cancerous tissue. In addition to cancer cells, there are fast-dividing normal cells in the body, such as in hair follicles and the digestive system. The active chemotherapy medicines – called cytotoxic, anti-neoplastic drugs – can’t distinguish between rapidly dividing cells, resulting in many of the side effects that are common to treatment. Radiation treatment, also known as radiotherapy, kills cancer cells by damaging the DNA of the tumor tissue. Radiation passes through the body to be absorbed by a tumor, causing the damage that kills the cancer cells. Different types of radiotherapy match the different types of tumors, so there are options for treatment that minimize damage to healthy tissue through precise targeting. This limits side effects to the treatment locations, though radiotherapy also causes fatigue as an overall effect.

Laryngectomy

If non-surgical treatments aren’t successful, cancer of the larynx calls for complete or partial removal of the larynx. In some cases, radiation treatment can induce radiation necrosis, which may also require laryngectomy. The larynx connects the lungs with the nose and the mouth for breathing, while also keeping food in the esophagus and out of the lungs. A laryngectomy therefore affects breathing, speech, and swallowing. When the larynx is removed, there’s no longer a connection between the lungs and the nose and mouth. A complete laryngectomy results in a surgical hole, or stoma, in the throat to permit breathing. 

Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy

Otolaryngology located in Los Angeles, CA & Glendale, CA

The Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy boasts a team of dedicated healthcare professionals that is second to none, where physicians and support staff work tirelessly to provide patients with the highest possible level of care. Dr. Geoffrey B. Trenkle is a Southern California native who began his medical training at Western University of Health Sciences before heading to Michigan State University to further hone his area of specialty. He has traveled the country to train in a number of Otolaryngology specialties, before bringing those skills and expertise back to build his practice here in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Ahmed Maki embarked upon his medical career at Missouri's A. T. Still University of Health Sciences. After graduating at the top of his class, he sought additional training at Michigan State University and became a Board Certified surgeon specializing in procedures involving the head and neck. Together, Dr. Trenkle and Dr. Maki have built a thriving medical practice aimed at providing patients with a full range of services. 

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The Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy boasts a team of dedicated healthcare professionals that is second to none, where physicians and support staff work tirelessly to provide patients with the highest possible level of care. Dr. Geoffrey B. Trenkle is a Southern California native who began his medical training at Western University of Health Sciences before heading to Michigan State University to further hone his area of specialty. He has traveled the country to train in a number of Otolaryngology specialties, before bringing those skills and expertise back to build his practice here in Los Angeles, California. Dr. Ahmed Maki embarked upon his medical career at Missouri's A. T. Still University of Health Sciences. After graduating at the top of his class, he sought additional training at Michigan State University and became a Board Certified surgeon specializing in procedures involving the head and neck. Together, Dr. Trenkle and Dr. Maki have built a thriving medical practice aimed at providing patients with a full range of services. 


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Our Team

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  • Lauren  Trenkle
    Lauren Trenkle
    Office Manager
  • Brian  De La Rosa
    Brian De La Rosa
    Chief Operating Officer
  • Paul  Manciallas
    Paul Manciallas
    Head Medical Assistant
  • Melly  Arevalo
    Melly Arevalo
    Head Allergy Medical Assistant
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  • Yelp

    "Dr. Trenkle is a BLESSING! I have had horrible sinus issues for the past 6 years, constant sinus infections that have kept my life very limited. Im so thankful."

    Joshua F.
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    "If anyone is in need of an ENT physician who truly cares about every patient and their experience at the doctor I give my highest rating to Dr. Trenkle."

    Ivan R.
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    "Geoffrey B. Trenkle is amazing! He's so friendly and patient. He takes his time to get to know you. I really recommend him! He is so worth your time :)"

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    Diana A.
  • "I really appreciate the staff because they took very good care of my daughter during her tonsil surgery. I am very happy with the way everything was taken care of."

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  • "The help I got from the doctor was Amazing!! He really took his time and was an absolutely excellent experience!"

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  • "One of the best experiences I have had in the medical industry. The staff answered all my questions, the office is clean, everyone is very friendly and professional."

    Nicolas A.