Much like the common cold, sinus infections are driven by viruses and bacteria. Avoiding close contact with anyone who has an upper-respiratory infection and washing hands frequently prevents an infection from entering your sinuses.
Air pollutants, such as cigarette smoke, decrease the effectiveness of the mucociliary transport system in the sinuses. Avoid closed-in areas that include cigarette smoke, wood smoke and try to stay indoors when the Los Angeles smog levels are high.
Flushing your nose out with lukewarm salt water can decrease the amount of sinus infections you get over time, especially in people with chronic sinus infections.
Drinking enough water is essential for keeping mucus flowing smoothly. Certain drinks, such as dairy, beer and red wine can cause sinus pressure and congestion.
Sudden pressure changes can cause air to get trapped in your sinuses, which can lead to sinus pressure, pain and congestion. Try a decongestant or nasal spray if you need to fly while you have sinus pressure.
Contact the Los Angeles Center for Ear, Nose, Throat and Allergy at 323-268-6731 if you are experiencing ongoing sinus problems or if you have any questions about your sinus health.